Home » General » 为什么洗衣剂里的成份没有被披露?| Why aren’t the ingredients in cleaning products disclosed?

为什么洗衣剂里的成份没有被披露?| Why aren’t the ingredients in cleaning products disclosed?

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您或您的家人是否曾遭受过洗涤剂的过敏反应,想知道是什么原因造成的,并试图查看找到了有害的成分?

您可能会看到对成分模糊的参考,而根本没有看到任何成分。

欧盟或美国几乎没有立法迫使制造商在洗涤剂中列出成分。

如果您对芳香剂或表面活性剂有已知的过敏,那么成分标签不含并不意味着它不在产品中。

与个人护理产品不同,制造商不必过多告诉您有关他们洗涤剂中的含量。

猜猜看?他们中的大多数没有。

一个常见的借口是他们正在保护他们的配方不受竞争对手的影响。这不是真正的借口,因为任何公司都可以非常简单地对清洁产品进行逆向工程。

另一个更荒谬的借口是标签上都缺乏空间列出所有成份和很长的化学名称。这基本上是胡说八道。空荡荡的口号居然有足够的空间……

在印度,制造商不会被法律强制披露个人护理产品的成分。猜猜看。他们中的大多数没有。在法律发生变化之前,我们根本不会看到制造商改变主意。

国内清洁产品存在很多问题,而且有很多潜在令人讨厌的成份。

当然,这是我们知道的权利吗?

这是我开始这个网站的原因之一。促进有礼貌披露其产品中内容的制造商和企业。简而言之,我们拒绝审查清洁产品,除非制造商已经完全披露了这些成分。而且有很多制造商是选择披露其产品中的成份。主要是因为他们为自己的配方感到自豪,没有什么可隐瞒的。

那么标签规定是什么?

欧盟(包括英国)

根据法规(EC)’648/2004’,欧洲议会对洗涤剂制造商实施了更严格的标签要求。这包括要求列出超过0.2%浓度的成分,但重要的是不强制制造商列出特定的化学品,只列出类别(例如’阴离子表面活性剂’或’酶’)。如果洗涤剂含有芳香剂,则必须列出,即使低于0.2%,但作为“香精”或“香水”而不是化学成分。

制造商必须在网站上为公众提供包含更多信息的数据表,但这通常很难找到并且缺乏必要的细节。必须根据要求向医疗专业人员提供更详细的数据表,但这不能合法地传递给任何其他人。法律的执行因成员国而异,但在英国,违法行为属于刑事犯罪,可判处监禁或无限期罚款。

美国

近年来,欧盟的洗涤剂标签已“改善”,但美国的问题相当严重,因为透明度和安全性的负担都集中在制造商身上。许多联邦机构负责“有害物质”的标签(例如环境保护局,消费者产品安全委员会),但这些要求只有“已知”的有害成分列在洗涤剂标签上。如果一种成分对资源不足的EPA未被“知道”有害,则不需要列出。

如此宽松的监管,标签实际上说明什么?

基本上可能不是很多。这就是你最终得到这样的标签的原因

还有这个

他们没有告诉你很多。这个标签好一点。它告诉你它不包含什么。但仍然不会告诉你其实在里面是什么。

这些标签可能特别具有误导性。看看流行语:

  • 在所有温度下都安全
  • 善待皮肤
  • 以植物为基础

这些绝对都是没有任何意义的销售标签。没有关于“对皮肤有什么”的含义的规定 – 我已经看到在许多使用非常刺激的接触性过敏原的产品中都有此类标签。别被蒙骗了。

但是有一些好消息。

加利福尼亚州和纽约州都在跟随欧盟向洗涤剂制造商索取更多信息,以便消费者做出更明智的决策。拟议的法规将迫使制造商列出所有化学成份并公布已知有害物质的详细信息 – 远远超过现行的欧盟立法。这已经取得了一些真正的成功,更多的制造商在网上发布他们的成份比以前更多,取得进展。还有其他值得称赞的计划来促进清洁产品的安全性:

  • “Come Clean”是Seventh Generation和参议员Ricardo Lara为支持加州“清洁产品知情权法案”的一项运动,迫使制造商披露所有“有意添加的成份”。
  • EPA“Safer Choice (更安全的选择)”是一项自愿性计划。要加入,制造商必须向EPA提交完整的成份清单,并且只有那些所有成份对人类健康和环境安全的产品才会获得“Safer Choice”认可。

虽然这些方案都不是完美的,但它们显然是朝着正确的方向迈出的一步,为此,它们必须受到称赞。当然,不要忘记我们。除非制造商披露了所有成分,否则我们不会审查任何产品。我们将尽最大努力评估这些成分。让您自己决定,为您准备合适的清洁产品。

资料来源:https://www.safehouseholdcleaning.com/ingredients-disclosed/

Have you or your family ever suffered from an allergic reaction to a washing detergent, wondered what caused it and looked at the ingredients to try to find an offending ingredient?Chances are you’ll have seen vague references to ingredients, without seeing any ingredients at all.

There is little to no legislation in the EU or US that forces manufacturers to list ingredients in detergents.

If you have a known allergy to a fragrance or surfactant its absence from the ingredient label doesn’t mean it’s not in the product.

Unlike personal care products, manufacturers don’t have to tell you an awful lot about what’s in their detergent.

And guess what? Most of them don’t.

A common excuse given is they are protecting their formulations from rivals. This isn’t really an excuse as any company can reverse engineer a cleaning product pretty simply.

Another more ludicrous excuse is that there’s a lack of space on the label for all ingredients and their long chemical names. Which is basically nonsense. There’s enough space for empty slogans…

In India, manufacturers aren’t compelled by law to disclose ingredients on personal care products. And guess what. Most of them don’t. Until the law changes, we simply won’t see a change of heart from the manufactures either.

There’s plenty of problems with domestic cleaning products, and plenty of potential nasty ingredients in there.

Surely, it’s our right to know?

It’s one of the reasons why I started this site. To promote the manufacturers and businesses who have the decency to disclose what’s in their products. Simply put, we refuse to review a cleaning product, unless the manufacturer has fully disclosed the ingredients. And there are plenty of manufacturers who are optionally disclosing what’s in their products. Primarily because they are proud of their formulations and haven’t anything to hide.

So what are the labelling regulations?

European Union (including the United Kingdom)

Under Regulation (EC) ‘648/2004’, the European Parliament enforced more stringent labeling requirements on detergent manufacturers. This included the requirement to list ingredients over 0.2% concentration but importantly doesn’t force manufacturers to list specific chemicals, just the categories (e.g. ‘anionic surfactants’ or ‘enzymes’). If a detergent contains a fragrance this must be listed, even below 0.2%, but as ‘fragrance’ or ‘perfume’ and not as the chemical ingredient.

A datasheet containing more information must be available for the general public on the manufacturer’s website, but this is often difficult to find and lacking essential detail. A more detailed datasheet must be provided to medical professionals on request, but this cannot then legally be passed on to any other individual. Enforcement of the legislation varies by member state, but in the UK breaches are a criminal offense, punishable by imprisonment or unlimited fine.

United States

Detergent labelling in the EU has ‘improved’ over recent years, but the issue is considerably worse in the US, where the burden of transparency and safety is placed on manufacturers. A number of federal agencies are responsible for the labelling of ‘hazardous substances’ (e.g. Environmental Protection Agency, Consumer Product Safety Commission), but these mandate that only ingredients ‘known’ to be harmful are listed on detergent labels. If an ingredient is not ‘known’ to be harmful to the under-resourced EPA, it does not need to be listed.

With such lax regulation, what do the labels actually say?

Potentially not a lot basically. It’s why you end up with labels like this

And this

They don’t tell you a great deal.This label is a bit better. It tells you what it doesn’t contain. But still won’t tell you actually what’s in it.

These labels can be particularly misleading. Look at the buzzwords:

  • safe in all temperatures
  • kind to skin
  • plant based

These are marketing labels that mean absolutely nothing. There is no regulation over what “kind to skin” means – I’ve seen some many really harsh contact allergens in products with this label.

Do not be fooled.

There is some good news though.

Both California and New York are following the EU in requesting more information from detergent manufacturers so that consumers can make more informed decisions.

Proposed regulations would compel manufacturers to list all chemical ingredients and publish details for those known to be harmful – going much further than current EU legislation.

This has seen some real success, with more manufacturers posting their ingredients online than ever before. Progress is being made.There are other commendable schemes to promote safety in cleaning products:

  • Come Clean’ is a movement by Seventh Generation and Senator Ricardo Lara to support the California ‘Cleaning Product Right to Know Act’, compelling manufacturers to disclose all ‘intentionally added ingredients’.
  • EPA ‘Safer Choice’ is a voluntary program. To join, a manufacturer must submit full ingredient lists to the EPA, and only those products in which all ingredients are safe to human health and the environment will receive ‘Safer Choice’ recognition.

While neither of these schemes are perfect, they are clearly steps in the right direction and for that, they must be applauded.

And of course, don’t forget us. We will not review any product unless the manufacturer has disclosed all ingredients. And we will appraise those ingredients to the best of our ability. Allowing you to decide, the right cleaning products for you.

Source: https://www.safehouseholdcleaning.com/ingredients-disclosed/

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